The latest forecast that India will export more than 10 million tonnes of wheat this year has caught the attention of people around the world.In 2021, it exported more than 8 million tons. This year, it has exceeded 10 million tons.Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Nigeria and other countries need to import wheat from India.Plus India’s birth rate is much higher than China’s, and many may become the first populous country in the future, which means food demand is also high.But what is the difference between Indian wheat and Chinese wheat?The yield of wheat per mu in India is about 400 kilograms per mu.By international standards, India’s wheat yields per acre are just about right.In addition, its quality is not very stable, which also leads to its quality is difficult to meet the import requirements of European and American countries.But now, forced by the international situation, Indian wheat has become a hot object.In 2021, India’s total wheat production will reach more than 100 million tons, making it one of the countries in the world to surpass 100 million tons of wheat.This is mainly due to India’s relatively large land area.At the same time, India’s wheat exports continue to expand, putting pressure on Australian wheat, which does not have any price advantage because India’s wheat is relatively cheap and its yield is high.India’s geographical advantage provides a good growing environment for wheat.India has a tropical monsoon climate, abundant light sources, and the temperature is suitable for wheat growth all year round. Moreover, the growth cycle of Wheat in India is relatively short, only in 4-6 months.Moreover, India has a wide area of tropical black soil and abundant river water resources, and the planting area is 500-600 hectares higher than That of China.So India has a natural advantage in growing wheat.The yield of wheat per mu in China is between 700 and 800 jin.It is twice that of India and 1.7 times that of the United States. China’s wheat yield per mu has largely exceeded that of many countries, and it is likely to break through 800 jin per mu in the future.In 2021, China will also become the country with wheat output exceeding 100 million tons, with China and India accounting for 30 percent of the world’s total wheat output.And China’s wheat yield per unit is growing every year.In the 1950s, the yield per unit area of wheat increased 7.4 times, much higher than that of corn (5.13 times) and rice (2.46 times).And now it is increasing every year.The quality of Wheat in India fluctuates greatly. Some years produce good quality, and some years produce bad quality, which is extremely prone to the problem of wheat ear disease.Why does India’s wheat yield fluctuate so much?The first is that India’s weather changes too much.In India the average annual temperature is relatively moderate, but not suitable for wheat growth.However, under the influence of the Southwest monsoon, India’s temperature is highly variable, resulting in high temperatures, droughts, floods and other natural disasters.This, combined with the fact that India is less resilient to natural disasters than it used to be, naturally reduces wheat yields when these weather events occur.The second is India’s low level of wheat productivity.India does not use a lot of mechanized equipment, but still uses artificial planting and harvesting methods, and does not use fertilizers to increase wheat production despite low productivity levels, which also contributes to the problem of poor soil quality and lack of nutrients.The third is that India has been plagued by pests and diseases for years, leading to scarlet smut, a disease that can greatly reduce wheat yields.Although with the progress of science and technology, India also began to spray pesticides on wheat, but the latent time of this disease is relatively long, and has antibodies to pesticides, which also causes the instability of wheat yield in India.Conclusion:Although India’s wheat yield and wheat production in our country has a certain gap, but compared to other countries, India’s wheat yield is not bad, India has the advantage of high yield of wheat, but short of stable yield, while China’s wheat can not only yield can also, although the two countries land area and different geographical advantage, but if you want to achieve stable yield,It also has to make up for its disadvantages, while borrowing advanced experience from other countries to achieve high and stable wheat yields in India.Under the current international environment, Indian wheat still has a very high competitive advantage, so it is more important to grasp the opportunity and improve their production capacity.China’s wheat yields per mu are also expected to rise.