Increase knowledge!Take stock of “tiger cultural relics” in Fujian and learn about Chinese tiger culture


Taurus bowed out the old year, fu Hu spring.Let’s walk into the museum and see the “tiger” of Fujian!Most of the tiger relics we introduced can be seen in the fujian Museum’s “Tiger Begetting Blessing — Spring Zodiac Relics exhibition of the Year of the Tiger in The Year of The Tiger (Picture)”. Bring the “god animals” together to see the “god animals” and learn about Chinese tiger culture.Tiger is the king of all animals with the highest exposure rate. In the symbiotic environment with tiger, Chinese ancestors both Revere and yearn for the fierce and powerful momentum, indomitable spirit and strong and vigorous physique of the tiger, forming a unique tiger culture.As early as 6,500 years ago, there were tiger images in the tombs of Yangshao culture, and there were many pictographic “tiger” characters in the Oracle bones of Yin and Shang Dynasty.In the Book of Mountains and Seas, there was a record of “tiger imperial evil spirit”. In the Qin and Han dynasties, white tiger and Green Dragon, rosefinch and Xuanwu were listed as “four spirits”, guarding four directions respectively.The four gods are popular mascots of the people, with the function of dispelling evil, avoiding disaster and praying for good fortune.From rock paintings of the Stone Age, to bronzes of shang and Zhou dynasties, stone carvings of Qin and Han dynasties, murals of Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, and even paintings and paintings of Tang, Song, Ming and Qing dynasties, there are many images of tigers.In the bronze, porcelain, gold and jade articles of the past dynasties, the image of the tiger is more colorful.In this exhibition of cultural relics, there are from the Fujian Museum collection of national first-class cultural relics of the North Song Dynasty shoushan stone tiger, this stone tiger has become the highest exposure of the tiger, Alipay every year before the Spring Festival has a collection of five blessings, this year the Shoushan stone tiger also participated in the collection of five blessings.In traditional culture, the tiger is often referred to as the dragon, forming a cultural symbol that combines the dragon and the tiger.The dragon flies in the sky, the tiger walks on the ground, the dragon ascends and the tiger jumps is the symbol of prosperity and prosperity.One of the pictures of tiger relics in the exhibition is a bright yellow satin embroidered dragon robe with dragon in Qing Dynasty, which was collected by the Palace Museum.In addition to the prescribed number of dragon patterns, there are 12 patterns of sun, moon, star, mountain, dragon, Hua Bug, zongyi, zao, fire, I: =, both, fu, powder rice on the emperor’s dragon robe in Qing Dynasty, which means the supremacy of the emperor’s power and is the special pattern for the emperor’s imperial use.Among them, zongyi, shaped like a cup, has the meaning of fierce, loyal and filial piety: left is tiger, representing fierce;The monkey on the right represents filial piety.The dragon is king and the tiger is general. Since ancient times, the tiger has been used to symbolize the bravery and strength of soldiers, such as general, minister and warrior.In ancient times, a tiger was also engraved on the soldiers’ runes, which were called tiger runes.”Fu” is a kind of token commonly used in ancient China. It is generally divided into two halves, and when the two halves match, it can be used as the proof of making or keeping a contract for some kind of business.In ancient China, the amulets were mostly made into tigers.Tiger symbol as the evidence of the mobilization of troops and generals originated very early in Chinese history. The story of Lord Xinling “stealing the symbol to save zhao” shows that tiger symbol had been used at least in the Warring States Period.Although the tiger symbolizes power and prestige in the tradition, there are many articles of daily use related to the tiger.In the Han people, popular tiger shoes, tiger hat production, because people believe that the tiger can protect the children grow up, good luck, avoid bad luck, safe and healthy.In fact, there are also articles about tigers in China’s ethnic minorities.The pictures on display include children’s tiger hats of Yao, Buyi, Mulam and Miao ethnic groups and tiger shoes of Zhuang ethnic group.In the glass cabinet of the exhibition hall, there are several tiger hats of She nationality in Fujian which attract many citizens to visit. They are embroidered with red and other colors on the black background, and there are also silver ornaments of She nationality as decoration.In this exhibition, there are also two special utensils — “tiger”, which are the southern Dynasty green tiger glaze and green tiger glaze collected by Fujian Museum.So what is this appliance with the rounded “tiger” mouth and replacement for?Some people think it’s an ancient urinal.However, a piece of “Tiger zi” unearthed from Zhao Tugang in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, collected by the National Museum of China, bears the inscriptions “Made by Yuan Yi, master of Shangyu of Kuaiji in the 14th year of Chiwu” and “Yi Of Making” on its body, indicating that it was made in 251 AD, which is the earliest piece of ancient porcelain with dating inscriptions in China.Because it clearly indicates the year number of emperor Wu and the name of the porcelain maker, many people believe that this piece of “hu Zi” should not be regarded as an obscene device, but as a water vessel containing water.Dehua grey ore glaze tiger-shaped porcelain paperweights, such as flat supporting tigers, also appeared in the wares played by scholars.Province bo is collecting a dehua gray ore glaze tiger-shaped porcelain paperweight in the second half of the 20th century. There is a tiger in relief on the rectangular seat. The tiger’s two front feet stand upright and make a high noise.Among the exhibits in the Palace Museum’s collection is a work by Qing Dynasty painter Hua Yan from Shanghang, Fujian Province.Hua Yan was one of the representatives of yangzhou painting school, and later generations also called him Hua Yan.His “Bee and Tiger” is an unusual picture of a tiger.It is unusual because the tiger in Huayan’s Bee and Tiger looks like a “sick cat”, which was even laughed at at first.The tiger in Huayan’s “Bee and Tiger” looks very thin and hunched, its limbs crowded together awkwardly, its body thin and its facial expression twisted and ugly, as if something had happened to it that made it suffer.During the restoration process, the staff discovered that there was something wrong with the markings on the tiger’s body, which were not what we normally see, and were thought to be mouldy spots.After scanning the images and magnifying them 20 times, they found that the spots were actually bumblebees.It turned out to be a big tiger stung by a swarm of bees without temper, and there was a wasp hanging from a branch next to the tiger ready to move, which made the big tiger frown.The tiger under huayan’s pen is vivid and interesting, and many people said after appreciating the painting that their impression of the tiger also changed, and the king of beasts also had a time when he could not be powerful, which was very lovely.Declaration: The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com

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