Always thought it was a private enterprise, but are state-owned holding?Do you know any of the following four state-owned enterprises?


In recent years, with the deepening of China’s economic system reform, the nature of many state-owned enterprises are also changing.For example, Ping An of China has changed from a state-owned enterprise to a mixed-ownership enterprise after several changes in its shares.Currently ping An’s largest shareholder is foreign, but it also has state and private capital.And for many of us, when looking for a job, most of us want to go to the state-owned enterprises, after all, the welfare benefits of the state-owned enterprises are relatively better.But here are four companies that many people assume are private, when in fact they are all controlled by state-owned enterprises.So, what are these four companies?In 1988, Vanke was officially established with the approval of shenzhen Municipal Government.Three years later, Vanke was listed in Shenzhen Stock Exchange. Now vanke also plays a pivotal role in China’s real estate enterprises, but vanke has repeatedly had equity disputes.In 1994, Junan Securities Co., LTD, together with the other four shareholders of Vanke group with a total share of 10.73% of the total share capital, proposed to reelect the board of directors of Vanke Group to fight for the control of Vanke Group at the general meeting of shareholders, which was the first equity fight of Vanke Group.It ended with the failure of Junan Securities Co., LTD. Through this event, the ownership structure of Vanke Group is too decentralized.After the equity fight in Junan, vanke’s principal executives began to think about the issue of professional competitiveness, so vanke decided to start subtracting from 1994, gradually removing some original business units that could not adapt to market changes, and constantly shrinking business areas.Finally, real estate development became the core business development direction of Vanke Group.In 2000, China Resources Group became the first shareholder of Vanke group with 10.82% of its shares.As a financial investor, China Resources Group did not participate in vanke’s business operation and seldom participated in the daily operation and major decision-making of the company. Until July 2015, when vanke’s second equity battle happened, China Resources Group’s shareholding ratio fluctuated around 15%, and vanke’s shareholding structure was relatively dispersed at that time.On June 17, 2016, the board of Directors of Vanke Group proposed a restructuring plan to issue shares to purchase assets by introducing shenzhen Metro Group, an external investor. However, the two major shareholders of the group at that time, China Resources Group and Baoneng Group, did not support this restructuring plan and would vote against it at the shareholders’ meeting.So on December 18, 2016, Vanke Group terminated its restructuring plan with Shenzhen Metro Group.In January 2017, China Resources Group signed an equity transfer agreement with Shenzhen Metro Group, which mainly transferred its 15.31% shares of Vanke Group to Shenzhen Metro Group. Shenzhen Metro Group has the second largest shareholder in Vanke Group.In March of the same year, Evergrande Group indicated that it would transfer its voting rights of vanke group shares with a term of one year to Shenzhen Metro Group.At this time, Shenzhen Metro Group held a total of 29.38% of vanke’s total shares, exercising all the voting rights at the shareholders’ meeting and ranking first among vanke’s shareholders.Shenzhen Metro is a large state-owned enterprise directly operated by Shenzhen SasAC. That is to say, the real major shareholder behind Vanke is Shenzhen SASAC.This is no problem state-owned enterprises ah, it is no wonder that many people will find that many cities are next to the subway vanke real estate.Two, gree everybody do not look at Dong Mingzhu every day outside for Gree platform, gree feel is Dong Mingzhu.But the real major shareholder behind Gree is the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of Zhuhai, so from this point of view, Gree is also a real state-owned enterprise.However, gree’s development seems to have hit a bottleneck in the past two years. At present, Gree has been completely overtaken by Midea in the air conditioning industry.At the same time, compared with Midea, Gree’s revenue, profit, inventory and other indicators in 2021 are also lower than Midea.At the same time, dong Mingzhu’s practice in recent years also makes the outside world particularly difficult to understand.For a long time, Gree has relied too much on air conditioning.Gree’s air-conditioning business, for example, accounts for 70 per cent of the company’s revenues, while Midea’s accounts for only about 45 per cent.Therefore, in recent years, Dong Mingzhu has been trying to get rid of this embarrassing situation.Gree has announced to enter the automobile business, mobile phone business and so on.But these businesses were short-lived and did not generate any buzz.At the same time, gree’s main course of business now also has problems.Last year, Gree was fined by the United States for quality problems and ordered to pay More than 100 million yuan in compensation to Oakes for patent disputes.Gree’s share price, meanwhile, has not performed well in the market over the past year.All these show us that gree’s development under the leadership of Dong Mingzhu has many problems in urgent need of improvement.Tsingtao Beer was originally a German beer company established in 1903 as a joint venture between British and German businessmen. After the founding of New China, the German beer company was taken over by Qingdao Municipal government and renamed as the state-owned Tsingtao Brewery.Tsingtao brewery is backed by the Tsingtao Brewery Group, a state-owned enterprise.Therefore, Tsingtao beer is also a true state-owned enterprise.Tsingtao Brewery has always taken the leading position in the research and development of Chinese beer industry, with strong independent research and development capabilities and a series of research and development achievements with independent intellectual property rights.Since its establishment, it has undertaken 2 national “973” program projects, 2 national “863” program projects, 2 science and Technology Support Program projects, and 1 National Development and Reform Commission technology Capability Special project, etc. More than 40 achievements have won national, provincial, municipal and association science and Technology Progress awards.These achievements not only solve the technical problems of the industry, but also represent that Chinese beer technology is getting closer and closer to the international advanced level, which has a good social impact.For example, tsingtao Brewery Research and development institute has researched and applied a series of new technologies, including ultra-high concentration brewing technology, rapid fermentation technology, low-energy boiling technology and so on, greatly reducing production costs, improving production capacity, saving equipment investment and generating economic benefits of more than 1 billion yuan in total.Changhong Group, formerly known as the state-owned Changhong Machinery Factory, is in fact a state-owned enterprise, although it has brought in outside capital in recent years.However, with the gradual popularity of smart phones in recent years, the development of Changhong Group has also encountered bottlenecks, especially the decline of color TV business is very obvious.Conclusion: From the above analysis, changhong Group, Gree, Vanke and Tsingtao Beer are all state-owned enterprises.But these four companies are also different.Vanke, for example, was originally a private company but later introduced state capital into its development.And similar to Tsingtao beer, Changhong, Gree these themselves are state-owned enterprises.Finally, I would like to ask you, you still know which enterprises appear to be private enterprises, but is actually state-owned enterprises?Feel free to join us in the comments section.

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